Basic Home Security Systems

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Home security is a growing concern for Americans as crime rises. Home security consists of both the physical security hardware installed on a property to deter intruders, and people’s personal security habits. Security hardware usually includes deadbolts on the doors and windows, motion sensors, lighting, and other security equipment. Some homeowners choose not to install any security equipment on their houses. They feel that a basic burglar alarm will do the trick, or that they can handle the installation process themselves.

Home security systems are generally divided into two categories: wired and wireless. Wired systems are usually easier to install than wireless ones, due to the location and shape of the wires. Wireless systems, however, are becoming more common since they are easier to install and require less wiring. Wired home security systems have many benefits, including cost savings, fewer repairs, and easy access to key components if the need arises. 

Home Security Information

Wireless alarm systems offer several advantages over their hardwired counterparts. For example, wireless alarms don’t require any type of security clearance to open them. This makes them ideal for households with children or elderly people living in the house. Some wireless alarms provide „panic button“ functionality, which allows a homeowner to activate the alarm from anywhere in the house by pressing a single button. These types of alarms also allow you to adjust their sensitivity to avoid false alarms created by intruders breaking into your home, rather than letting the sound of breaking glass wake you up every time an intruder activates the alarm.

Home security systems may be set up to detect motion or heat. Some systems may use a combination of heat and motion sensor technology to detect intruders. The sensors within a system may allow the homeowner to control entry and exit points remotely, which allows them to allow non-family members into the house when necessary, but prevents unwanted visitors.

Another feature of some home security sensor packages is the presence of a reed switch. Reeds are used to detect intrusion, either manually or automatically, through the utilization of an electrical current. The reed switch typically detects the presence of a high voltage electrical current and triggers the alarm control panel or siren. The reed switch can be manually activated or may come on automatically upon detection of the presence of a high voltage electrical current. Some packages also include a photoelectric beam sensor that will only trigger the alarm if it senses light or heat coming from the intruder.

The location of sensors and perimeter alarms can affect the detection range of a system. Motion sensors will only trigger alarms when humans enter a certain range of distance from the sensor, while infrared detectors will trigger an alarm if any type of heat or movement is detected beyond a certain range. Door and window sensors can also be installed inside or outside of a home, but will usually work better for perimeter purposes. Alarms can also be placed in strategic locations around a house such as on the top floor and on the second floor stairwell.

Many homeowners are comfortable with the basic setup of a security system consisting of a personal keypad and alarm monitoring on the central station. This simple setup is fine for most homeowners, as it requires little maintenance. Homeowners should always be aware however, of the possibility of a burglar cutting the telephone line leading to the central station and cutting the alarm transmission from the central station to the personal keypad. This could result in false alarms being activated, or the central station notifying the personal keypad that there is a burglary in progress when there is none.

Wireless systems require much less maintenance than do traditional systems and can be incorporated into a wide variety of house designs. They also require no electricity from the homeowner’s side and are far more convenient than the former. The major drawback with wireless systems is the fact that they must be installed by a professional and the batteries will eventually need to be replaced. On the other hand, the new technology of battery-powered devices has resulted in the age of the solar panel. The panel stores solar energy during the day, which powers the alarm panel and when it is needed the user can activate and deactivate the device from a remote location.